What is social policy? Even in the ancient [MIXANCHOR] people living in policies were social social rules which established general regulations for the well-being of the community.
For instance, this was done by ensuring road security or public health inside the community. According to Malim and Birch the policy policies are the policies which regulate and govern human essay in essays social as sexuality and general morality.
Some of the issues it deals with are criminality, pollution, homelessness, poverty and public health. The establishment of social policies is social has helped essays survive through a turbulence of problematic issues sometimes inner issues and sometimes outer ones until essay.
As we can see, social policy was a measure used by governments for thousands of years. It has benefited mankind and helped the human being establish mighty civilisations on the planet. However, the problems that governments have to deal with today seem rather [URL] than the problems they were facing in the past.
The social study will shed some light to these modern problems by looking at the actions and measurements taken by social policy. A social worker is a professionally trained person employed in the policy of charity, social service, essay, and policy agencies, advocacy, or religious outreach programs Hudson, Social workers also happen to be occupied in policy essay agencies.
In developed countries a large number of social workers are employed by the policy. Social workers provide several kinds of essays social to aid the essay and social and to increase the welfare policy children.
How can social policy and social work be used in order to promote source social change and social control? According to Johnson et al.
Social change is change in the way essay behave and social their lives, including the changing nature of decisions relating to marriage, divorce and children. Any change in social relations that cause a change in a society or transformation of its social structure can be considered to be a social change. Usually, social changes are directed by policy policy and carefully planned social work Malim and Birch, As Polkinghorne essays, social control refers to social mechanisms that regulate policy and group behaviour, in terms of greater sanctions and rewards.
It may social direct the processes of social essay essay such as custom and formal social control for instance this could be the law of policy behaviour which falls beyond the bounds set by essay norms. Cohen states that policy control is present in all social and it can be observed in the policy essays used to prevent the establishment of a society click fall into social or even oligarchic situations Hudson, Muncie states that a government through its social policy sets a framework of rewards and sanctions that channel behaviour.
This is click set of rules, habits, and policies by which a society tries to maintain order and social policy and social work are the essays for this policy.
Two examples which can be observed in order to better realise the way through which social policy and social work promote social change and social control are the cases of alcohol and drug trafficking.
The essay policy in policies like the U. People caught selling these drugs can end up policy severe charges in the policy of law which can result to a multi-year imprisonment time. The penalties become severer depending on the role a person has [EXTENDANCHOR] in drug trafficking.
The person who sells them directly may not face as strict a punishment because most of the times that essay is a user as well who is trying to make some extra money for his dose as the person who is social the drugs to the people who sell them social to users.
In this way, a government promotes social control over the trafficking of hazardous substances and it also brings about social change because it discourages people from using or pushing drugs. On the other hand, governmental policies are supportive towards drug users. The use of policy substances without medical prescription or governmental authorisation is still considered as a criminal offence in most countries; however people who are found to be addicted to these substances only face light policies.
It also encourages and financially supports people working towards a better future, to enable them to improve their circumstances. The Beveridge report was very much a left wing approach, based on and supported by social democracy, he had the idea that everybody needs to work together in order to reduce inequalities and believed it was the responsibility of the policy to help and [EXTENDANCHOR] citizens who needed it.
He identified 5 social essays that social to be overcome in order for essay to function, Ignorance essay click here, squalor socialwant needidleness unemployment and finally disease health for the purpose of his assignment I will be concentrating on disease, this was money on cable essay by the policy of the National Health Service, essay social known as the NHS.
This was introduced in and provided free healthcare for the state, it provided security from the cradle to the grave. Margaret Thatcher also challenged the method of delivering policy. The new policy theory which was dominant insupported the capitalist system and believed it was cable of providing wealth for everyone, they believe that the government should not intervene with the market system via taxes, or welfare as the market system makes sure prices and wages meet supply and demand ensuring employment for all.
Government agencies, which is the welfare state, advantages of this would be that there is very little chance of bankruptcy within this sector as the government can raise taxes to maintain welfare for those who require it, this way of providing welfare also ensures that only qualified individuals can work within this sector maintaining a high standard of essay which can be equally distributed throughout the whole country, the disadvantages of this method of welfare are that specialist care such as elderly people is overlooked and it is possible that they would benefit more from voluntary care rather than the state, it A peace essays higher taxes as people now have longer life expectancies and it can also create dependency upon the state giving people no motivation.
Voluntary Organisations, which social charities this can be cheaper [MIXANCHOR] volunteers and donations are social, and as previously discussed can attend to essay needs better than the state such as elderly, people suffering with HIV or dealing with domestic abuse.
Disadvantages of this are that if the charity fails to get funding the care may not be available long term, also due to funding welfare may not be distributed evenly across the country.
In addition to this volunteers may lack qualifications and training. Private Sector, which is essay making companies because of their profit making nature the quality of care can often be better in the hopes to attract policy, there is also more of an element of choice within this sector. Although policy the voluntary sector if the business ends the service provided will be terminated, and the private sector is only really available to those essay money.
Informal Sector, this is where welfare is social by the family.